Real Estate

Important Terms in the Real Estate Industry


The world of property buying, renting, and selling can be confusing, especially if you’re not familiar with all the terminology. To make things a bit clearer, you should know the key terms that you will likely encounter. Here are some of them:


A mortgage is a loan from a financial institution that can be used to purchase a house. The mortgage is secured by the property itself.

Mortgage loan officer

mortgage loan officer is a person who helps you get a mortgage. They will work with you to find the best mortgage for your needs.


Amortization is the process of paying off a loan over time. This includes both the principal and the interest.

Closing costs

Closing costs are the fees that are charged when you purchase a property. These costs can include things like legal fees, title insurance, and appraisal fees.

Real estate agent

A real estate agent is someone who helps you buy or sell a property. They have a lot of knowledge about the market and can help you get the best deal.


The title is the legal document that shows who owns a property. It also outlines any mortgages or other loans that are secured against the property.


A landlord is a person who owns the property that is being rented out. They are responsible for maintaining the property and for collecting rent from their tenants.


A tenant is someone who rents a property from a landlord. They are responsible for paying rent and for taking care of the property.


Foreclosure is when a lender takes back a property that was used as collateral for a loan. This can happen if the borrower fails to make their mortgage payments.

Market value

Market value is the price that a property would sell for on the open market. It is determined by supply and demand.


An appraisal is a report that estimates the market value of a property. It is done by a professional appraiser.

Down payment

A down payment is the amount of money that you put down when you buy a property. It is used to reduce the amount of the mortgage that you need to borrow.

Interest rate

The interest rate is the percentage of the loan that is charged for borrowing money. It is calculated on a yearly basis.


This is a public sale of a property, typically used to sell high-value or unique items. In an auction, the highest bidder wins the property.


This is the amount of money a person offers to purchase a property.

Chain of title

This is the history of who has owned a property from the beginning. This is important for verifying the legal ownership of a property.


This is the point at which the sale of a property is finalized and the new owner takes possession.

Comparable market analysis

This is a report that details the prices and features of similar properties that have recently been sold. This report is used to estimate a property’s value.


This is the process of transferring ownership of a property from one person to another. This usually includes the transfer of money and the recording of the change in ownership with the government.

Fixed-rate mortgage

A fixed-rate mortgage is a mortgage in which the interest rate is set for the entire term of the loan.

Adjustable-rate mortgage

This is a mortgage in which the interest rate changes according to market conditions.


This is a type of property ownership in which the tenant has the right to use and occupy the property.


A lease is a contract that allows someone to use a property according to the terms set out in the lease. Typically, it is used when ownership of the property cannot be transferred or doesn’t change hands.


A lien is a legal claim against a person’s property by another person or business for an unpaid debt.

Property assessment

This is a report that shows how much a property is worth for the purposes of taxation.

Property tax

This is the tax assessed on the value of the real estate by local or national governments, usually annually. This type of tax, which is also called an ad valorem tax, is based on the market value of the property.

Knowing these terms will help make you a more informed consumer when it comes to buying, renting, or selling a property. Make sure you are making the right decision at all times. Find a reliable and experienced real estate agent who can help you understand the market and learn what kind of property might be right for you.

Meta title: Understanding the Property Market: Key Terms You Should Know
meta desc: Property markets can be confusing, especially if you’re not familiar with all the terminology. Read and learn about some key terms that you should understand:

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