Four Requirements for a Class Action


A class action is when many people under the main plaintiff file a lawsuit on one or several defendants over a similar issue. A class action makes it possible for a claim which would have otherwise been too expensive to file for an individual easier to take to court and seek justice. It makes it easier for plaintiffs who could not file the lawsuit to get justice and compensation.

For a common individual, you may lack the knowledge of joining a class action or even fail to know of one, hence missing out on compensation. A class action recovery service records all of your investments and lets you know beforehand if a class action lawsuit has been filed against them. They will then proceed to file and include your name in the class action, make follow-ups, and make sure you recover your compensation.

Most class action recovery services don’t require a monthly fee but are dependent on the contingency fee of your compensation. There are four requirements for a lawsuit to be justified as a class action.

  1. Numerosity

Numerosity does not focus on a specific size of plaintiffs but rather if the number of plaintiffs put together individually in a regular lawsuit will be practical. Because of that, certain courts rule that a class of twenty or fewer people is insufficient for a class action.

However, the number is not the only determinant and cannot cause a class action not to proceed. The court also looks at the ability of each plaintiff to individually file a lawsuit, the size, and complexity of each claim, ability to locate members of the class, type of claim, and amount of relief sought, among other factors.

  1. Commonality

Commonality seeks to confirm if the claims have the same legal and factual issues. The class action must answer common questions of law and facts. The court requires that the individual presenting a class action prove that the claims have a question of law or fact common to the class. They need to verify with specificity that the class members were affected commonly and not just generalize the issue.

  1. Typically

Typically requires that a plaintiff’s claims be typical of the class as a whole. They must prove enough connection between the plaintiff’s claims and those of the class. A class action recovery service identifies class action claims where the plaintiff’s issues are similar to yours and seeks to include you in the class action.

  1. Adequacy

Adequacy requires that the plaintiff accurately and fairly represent the claims of the class and adequately advocate for them. The court seeks to determine if the plaintiff’s claims are equal to those suffered by the absent members of the class. The plaintiff must not have any disagreements with the absent class members. The lawyers representing the class action must be qualified and skillful enough for the class action to proceed.


Any class action must attain all of the above requirements to proceed. Choosing an able and strong lead plaintiff is usually the key to winning a class action. It is important to be subscribed to a class action recovery service to know of an ongoing class action that also affects you and helps you get compensation for your loss.