Annuities: Beginner’s Guide To Investing In The Economic Security of Your Future


The world of investing is a vast and multi-faceted world. Investing means putting money into different funds, which incrementally grow for your future economic security.

Of course, it can be overwhelming for someone who does not know much about investing or how to invest in his future. That is especially when he doesn’t know where to start.

But planning for your retirement is something everyone should start at a young age. After all, you do not want to find yourself in old age without a steady income to live by.

So, if you’re looking for a way to invest with low volatility and a guaranteed cash flow, then annuities may be the right choice. You might be looking for an annuity meaning looking for conservative investment opportunities you can take advantage of.

There are various types of annuities, each offering additional benefits.

Learn from today’s article different classifications, the advantages and disadvantages of each, and how a person can safely invest in annuity products.

What Is An Annuity?

Annuities are a financial instrument that has been around for centuries, but it’s only recently that they have become popular in the United States.

They’ve only become popular because of the growth of 401(k)s and other retirement plans that offer tax benefits.

In fact, according to a 2018 report from LIMRA Secure Retirement Institute, 90% of Americans have no idea what an annuity is — even though about half of them own one.

They can provide a steady retirement income and are often used to guarantee lifetime income.

So how does it work?

An annuity is a long-lasting contract between you and an insurance company known as an annuity provider.

You will put money into an account, and then the insurance company uses it to invest in bonds or stocks.

Once you make regular deposits into an account, the company promises to pay out a guaranteed figure of money at some point in your future. After that, you get paid a set amount every month or every year. Of course, this will depend on the kind of annuity you choose.

You can make these payments in one lump sum or regular instalments. In some cases, annuity payments can be guaranteed for life, even if the investor dies early.

This is known as “guaranteed period certain,” and it’s becoming more common because it allows retirees to pass on their wealth without worrying about losing it all if they die young.

This type of investment has several advantages over other types of assets, and They come in various forms. They can be structured in different ways depending on the provider.

Types Of Annuities

There are several types of annuities, each with its benefits and drawbacks. Let’s take a look at some of the most common types:

Fixed Annuity

A fixed annuity provides you with a guaranteed interest rate throughout the contract. The interest rates vary depending on which company you choose; some offer higher rates than others.

You know precisely how much money you will receive each month or year with a fixed annuity. This can be a perfect choice if you want to be sure you will have a steady income after retirement.

It’s also important to note that your rate will not change unless you transfer it into another product with another company.

As long as you hold your money in this type of account, it will continue to increase at the same rate each year until you begin receiving payments from it — typically when you reach age 85 or 90, depending on your state’s laws and regulations regarding annuities.

You also have access to these funds before this age if there is an emergency or medical need (although some restrictions may apply).

Variable Annuity

Variable annuities differ from fixed annuities because they allow investors more flexibility about how they use their funds.

This is achieved by allowing investors to choose from various portfolios that invest in stocks, bonds, and other assets such as real estate or commodities.

The performance of these portfolios will vary over time-based on how well each one performs.

So your earnings will fluctuate depending on the current market conditions, which means there’s a chance it could lose money if the market takes a tumble.

However, if you’re willing to take on this risk and already have enough money for retirement, then variable annuities may be worth considering.

Some people prefer this because they like having more control over their investments.

Advantages of Annuity Investments

Here are some advantages to consider before investing in annuities:


Annuities are one of the safest investments accessible today because they guarantee an investment return that an insurance company insures.

While no investment is 100% safe, annuities come closer than most since they do not carry the same risks as stocks or bonds.

In addition, many annuity plans offer guaranteed lifetime income starting at age 62 – this makes them an excellent choice for those who want peace of mind knowing their money will be there when they need it.


In addition to safety and security, annuities are affordable and accessible. This is true for almost anyone looking for an alternative to stocks or bonds.

Most plans require only a small initial investment and allow you to contribute additional funds at any time without penalty.

Many annuity plans are also available depending on your needs and goals.

Tax-deferred growth

You don’t pay taxes on any earnings until you start taking withdrawals or receive a payout in the future. They give deferred tax payments when you receive distributions from your account (typically after 59½).

These payments may be made in a single lump sum or spread over several years.

Fixed monthly income for life

They offer guaranteed income that will last as long as you live — even if you outlive your money supply.

The amount guaranteed varies among companies and depends on how much you invested into the annuity contract at the time of purchase; this amount is the “guaranteed lifetime withdrawal benefit” (GLWB).

Some companies offer up to 10% GLWB, while others may provide less than 5%.

Disadvantages of Annuity Investments

Here are some disadvantages to consider before investing in annuities:

Lack of Liquidity

Annuities are long-term investments. You generally cannot access your money before the end of the contract without paying an early withdrawal fee or surrendering your principal.

You also cannot withdraw funds from your account without incurring additional fees to avoid penalties on any remaining funds in your account if you decide to take out all of your money.

This means you’re stuck with whatever amount of money is in your annuity account until its maturity date unless you choose to pay hefty fees or surrender some of your principal.


Taxes on annuity withdrawals are different from other retirement plans. The money you take out counts as income and is taxed at your marginal tax rate. However, once it’s in your account, it grows tax-deferred until you withdraw it.

Age Restrictions

Annuities have age restrictions attached to them. For example, some companies will not sell annuities to investors under a certain age.

In contrast, others will sell them but restrict the amount of money that can be placed in an annuity by an investor above a certain age (between 59½ and 65).

In addition, other state-specific laws may come into play regarding this matter.

How To Invest In An Annuity?

There are two ways to invest in annuities: directly through an insurance company or indirectly through an IRA or other retirement account. Still, there are a few essential things to keep in mind:

First, you’ll need to decide on the type of annuity that best suits your budget, needs, and risk tolerance. There are many types, and each one comes with its unique features and benefits.

Second, once you’ve selected an annuity, you can contact an agent or broker who will help you through the application process and answer any questions you may have.

Lastly, once all paperwork is done, your agent or broker will contact their insurance provider on your behalf and submit your application for review. If approved, they’ll forward the details of your investment account to their carrier for processing.

Final Thoughts

Many seniors today deal with a burden uncommon even a generation ago: the cost of living. This is especially true for seniors managing the costs associated with growing health care expenses.

However, annuities can make all of this much easier to manage.

An annuity is a contract issued by an insurance company that guarantees the payer a monthly income (usually based on interest rates) in exchange for periodic payments. They can help ensure you’re financially secure in your retirement years and beyond.

The different types of annuities each have their unique qualities and benefits. Therefore, each is a wise choice for achieving future economic security, but the decision will depend on the needs and desires of the investor.

No matter which type of annuity you choose, educating yourself beforehand is essential to make an informed purchasing decision.